Democracy, by definition, is a system where people have the right to affect rules in a nice and peaceful way. The word itself means “rule by people”. For instance, Malaysia has kings, nine kings for that matter, but the political decisions are made by members of the parliament who are elected into their positions by holding an election voting. Malaysia is actually a good country to stay in if you want. They are very welcoming and if you have trouble finding your way or finding a place to stay, they always have something like Area Outlook to help out.
Anyway, a lot of countries use this system of democracy, in many different ways but with the same concept. Although it is a good thing to allow civilians to vote, there are a few flaws in the system. Well, it is not really much about the system itself but the people handling that system. Maybe some people have misconceptions about democracy and view it differently. So, although democracy has a lot of pros, they have a lot of cons as well and here are a few:
Pro: Lesser Inequality
In comparison to democracy, dictatorship has a rather large level of inequality. This is because dictators choose certain communities that they want to favour. However, in a democracy, there is a certain level of equality that exists. Not to say that it’s entirely equal, there are still minorities, just not as much as how a dictator would have. Inequality not only measures through the race of a certain community, it measures through how rich you are, what your gender is and even what you do as a person. So it’s good that democracy has less of it.
Con: Slows Down Decision-Making
As I said, democracy has its flaws. Any democratic system has a wide panel consisting of members of the parliament. Sometimes up to 40 people, even. Thus, this results in hasty decision-making or a decision that is taking too long to decide on. Plus, when there’s a room filled with different people, of course, some people are going to agree with the choices given. This is a problem we should try to fix actually. This is because what if one day, the decision has to made very urgently but everyone is taking a lot of time for them to decide.
Pro: Assurance Of Human Rights
Human rights are often promoted through democratic laws. Even though it isn’t perfect, it is at least something better. For instance, in a country ruled by democracy, people are usually free to do what they want to as long as no one gets hurt and they abide by the laws that differ depending on where they are. On the other hand, dictatorship does not value human rights in any way whatsoever. Instead, they fully neglect it and their decisions aim to fuel the power of the dictator.
Con: Minorities Might Be Left Behind
As mentioned how there are still minorities in democracies, although lesser, still exists. It’s good that there are lesser minorities where there is a democracy, there is always going to be a minority created by another system within the system. What is meant by that is, a multicultural country running on democracy has minorities when they start creating schools or communities where only certain races are allowed or privilege is given to a certain level of class. Plus, when politicians are going for elections, they only target the largest groups of people and might leave minorities behind or not pay enough attention to them. Catering to the majority and abandoning the minority in a way.
Pro: Elections Are Fair
In a lot of democratic countries, voting at a political election is very much encouraged and sometimes, they make it a must for adults over the age of 18 to vote. This ensures that whoever is elected was voted fairly by the citizens themselves. However, a dictator would never allow citizens to vote let alone put the election in their hands. They only want to remain the one in a position of power. Thus, neglecting the citizens.
Con: Voters May Lack Information
Although it’s good that democracies allow citizens to vote in elections, there is a flaw that sort of makes the election a little unfair. Let me paint you a picture, a voter that does not have much information on the politicians running does not know who to vote for, thus, voting for someone that might not even be good. The crucial part is that even one vote can make a huge difference.
It’s clear that democracy is better than dictatorship. However, it’s still a flawed system that is sometimes very troublesome for both the citizens and the politicians.
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