There are multiple countries across the world that now live under different political rules. There are five major types of political rulings; democracies, monarchies, oligarchies, and authoritarian and totalitarian regimes. A democratic ruling is when the country is governed by the citizens of the country. A democratic ruling is a government in which the main power is placed in the people and handled by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodic free elections. The main leaders to guide the country is chosen with votes by the general public.
A monarch’s ruling is based upon an undivided authority or rule of a single person. The leader of a monarch ruling usually achieves his or her position from heredity. There will only be one single ruler of the region at a time. Most of the time, the monarch’s throne only allows male successors, like a father to a son. An oligarchy ruling is a government in which a small group of individuals practise control, specifically for corrupt and selfish purposes. An authoritarian ruling is a principle of blind submission to authority by the people and individual freedom of thought and action is opposed. An authoritarian ruling is the complete opposite of a democratic ruling. Last but not least, the totalitarian regime is similar to the authoritarian ruling but the authority over the individuals in a state is bound by the state authority.
What are the Political Factors That Affect A Country’s Development?
Regardless of the type of political ruling a country is under, there are several factors that still affect the development of the country. These factors include the top management of the country, the corruption in the country and the trade laws. Let us start off with the management of a country in general. If we were to take a democratic country as an example, the majority of a nation picks the ruling government by voting in elections. The leader of the government, the Prime Minister or the President of the country is to carry the responsibility of improving the quality and development of the nation while finding ways to support the occupants of a nation.
Good governmental management is when the said government builds and maintains infrastructure, and raises and spends the country’s finance wisely with investments in the right projects to encourage better development for the citizens. However, development in a nation or country may take a turn for the worse or deteriorate if the government is incompetent at managing the infrastructure and finances properly. Factories are considered common necessities of a country to promote development. But, if other factors such as basic energy sources like electricity are poor, then the risks of building factories in a city could be dangerous as the power could go out at any time. The management also involves the laws and business practices carried out within the country. The laws should be set in such a way that motivates investment and initiative to protect businesses and individuals legally, and honour property rights, contracts and copyrights.
Moving on from the overall management of a country, we have entered the discussion about corruption in a country. Corruption crumbles trust, weakens democracy, hampers economic development and further aggravates inequality, poverty, social division and the environmental crisis. A country with high corruption rates will make life frustrating, disheartening and fundamentally disempowering to the country’s economy. Corruption does not start from the top, but from the bottom; the roots. It will start from starting businesses, buying or selling property, to the law courts, which mostly require absurd amounts of paperwork, interviews, and visits to ministry offices which are viewed as a waste of time to many. These procedures are the keys to incurring bribes. After all, the longer the time and effort take for these tasks, the greater the growth of temptation to pay grease money.
Corruption is not something that can be completely eradicated but only be controlled and prevented as much s possible. In a sense, once bribery is frequently occurring in small businesses within a country, there is a chance of it affecting other bigger and more prominent businesses, which eventually degrades the country’s economy. Consequently, once bribery is detected in small businesses, the government is responsible for taking action against it to curb it from the source instead of turning blind eye to it. This however does not mean corruption does not exist in the high management of a government. Corruption can happen at any level and is known as an abuse of power. This abuse of power certainly calls for strong leadership to fight it.
The final factor that affects the development of a country is the trade laws. Trade law is a massive matter in the political world. There are international trade laws which include rules and customs governing trade between countries. Many trade laws are set in place by applying treaty-based trades among countries. There is the World Trade Organisation (WTO) which commands world trade. However, the WTO may look out for the welfare of the richer nations first. This leads to the still developing and underdeveloped nations opening their market. There are pros and cons of opening a country’s market. The pros of an open market are that they may have higher growth rates a year but they may face extremely high tariff barriers when exporting to rich or developed countries. You can retrieve a deeper explanation from Teh Talk about the growth and development of a country as a whole.